Judiciary is that organ of the government which applies the law made by the legislature and enforced by the executive. The welfare and security of the people depend impartial and quick administration of justice. It is the main duty of judiciary to see that no branch of the government takes any action to law. Hence, judiciary preserves and protects the constitution and other sub-ordination acts and laws and makes provision to abide by them. It investigates, identifies and punish the wrong doers. Similarly, it interprets the law whenever necessary. Moreover, it safeguards the fundamental rights as provided by the constitution. Indeed, judiciary plays an important role to establish rule of law in the state. So, it is very important organ of government.
- Supreme Court
- District Court
- Appellate Court
- Judicial work: Judiciary has to provide equal justice to the citizens, run the existing laws of the country.The main function of judiciary is to punish the culprit and give proper verdict in support of innocent on the basis of the existing law. It decides punishment for criminals and gives decision regarding national issues.
- Advisory work:Judiciary gives advice to the other organs and constitutional organs when required. Suggestion on national issues is the work of judiciary. It also finds remedies for complicated legal matters. Generally, head of the state and the government takes advice from the judiciary regarding constitutional and legal problems. This system is practiced in the countries like Canada, India, Australia, Sweden, etc.