The Rana regime ended on 7th Falgun, 2007 B.S., and democracy was declared. Party politics began in Nepal in the leadership of the Nepali Congress and the Nepal Communist Party. The decade between 2007 B.S. to 2017 B.S. is thus known as the party and democratic politics history. The interim government rule was started on 17th Chaitra, 2007 B.S. with a coalition between Nepali Congress and Ranas. This ensured a citizen's involvement in the government's rule and laws. In 2008 B.S., student leader Chiniya Kaji was killed. The Ranas and Congress passed the blame to each other. They were not on good terms since the beginning of the coalition. B.P. Koirala issued a statement saying that democracy couldn’t be properly achieved if Mohan Shamser was in the ministry cabinet. Speaking to the Radio, he expressed his dissatisfaction that the true result of the revolution couldn’t be met until the Ranas were still in the ruling government. On 25th Kartik 2008 B.S., the 5 ministers representing Nepali Congress gave their resignations from the government. The day after, Mohan Shamser was forced to resign as well and the ministry cabinet was dissolved.
Singular Nepali Congress Ministry Cabinet: After the joint coalition government failed, King Tribhuwan announced a 14 member ministry on 1st Mangsir 2008 B.S. led by Matrika Prasad Koirala. The following were the target of this cabinet:
- Creating an independent Judicial System
- Properly implement the Public Service Commission
- Conduct an election to create the parliament house by 2009 B.S.
- Ensure the citizen's civil rights.
Call for a Democratic United Front and All-Party Government: The Democratic United Front was formed with the involvement of various parties and organizations existing then including Nepal Praja Parisad. They put pressure on the government for an all-party government. B.P Koirala was against his own brother, Prime Minister Matrika, saying that the party president and Prime Minister could not be the same person. Dr. KI Singh had started his revolution by then. This was the reason he was captured, branded a dacoit, and imprisoned in Singha Durbar. On 8th and 9th Magh of 2008 B.S., Dr. KI Singh supporters stormed and attacked Singha Durbar and freed him. This marked the end of the government yet again.
Consulting Donors Government Formation: King Tribhuwan, according to advice from his consulting donors, formed a 5 member government including Keshar Shamser on 30th Shrawan 2009 B.S. The 5 members would answer only to the king and had to get permission from the king to implement any plans. The political parties were against this government. The government organs could not function properly by this system. The international intervention also increased. Farmers revolted in the east led by Nepali Congress. Finally, this government was dissolved on 2nd Aswin 2010 B.S.
Rastriya Praja Party led Government: Matrika Prasad Koirala had separated from Nepali Congress and formed Rashtriya Praja Party. King Tribhuwan announced the 5 member government led by Matrika Pd. Koirala on 2nd Aswin 2010 B.S. The entry of Indian Army in Nepal with arms, protests against the Koshi Planning Agreement, BhimDutta Panta’s revolution, and his death in 7th Bhadra 2010 B.S. in Dadheldhura, etc. were the mitigating factors for the end of this government. Matrika Pd. Koirala submitted his resignation on 19th Falgun 2011 B.S.
King Mahendra’s Direct Rule and Royal Advisors Government: King Tribhuwan deceased on 30th Falgun 2011 B.S. and his son Mahendra was crowned the king on 4th Chaitra 2012 B.S. Mahendra formed an advisory government on 1st Baishakh 2012 B.S. under the leadership of Sardar Gunjan Singh. King Mahendra started direct rule seeking advice from the 5 member committee. This government was run until 12th Magh 2012 B.S.
Tanka Prasad and Dr. KI Singh led Governments: A 7 member government was formed on 13th Magh 2012 B.S. under the leadership of Tanka Prasad Acharya. Extreme economic depression, a ban on newspapers and media, and failure to conduct elections led to Tanka Prasad’s resignation. This government was dissolved on 31st Asar 2014 B.S. King Mahendra then recalled Dr. KI Singh, who was living in China as an exile, and formed an 11 member government under his leadership on 11th Shrawan 2014 B.S. Due to various misfortunes, this government was removed on 29th Kartik 2014 B.S.
Subarna Shamser led Government: King Mahendra ruled directly from 29th Kartik 2014 B.S. to 2nd Jestha 2015 B.S. An interim government was formed including 6 members on the 2nd Jestha 2015 B.S. led by Subarna Shamser. A 5 member constitution development committee was formed on 3rd Chaitra 2015 under the leadership of Bhagwati Prasad Singh, and including some foreign aides. This committee prepared a constitution and it was declared as Nepal’s Constitution 2015 B.S. on 1st Falgun 2015 B.S. A general election was held from 7th Falgun 2015 B.S. for 109 constituencies. This government was dissolved on 2nd Jestha 2016 B.S.
First General Election and BP Koirala led First Elected Government: The first constitutional general election was fought for 109 seats. Only 9 political parties participated in this election. The final result of this election was announced on 28th Baishakh 2016 B.S. Nepali Congress won 74 seats out of 109 seats. BP Koirala was elected the Prime Minister and a 19 member government was formed on 13th Jestha 2016 B.S. This government was in effect until 1st Poush 2017 B.S.