Following are the structure and functions sclerenchyma,
- It is a long, elongated cell with narrow and pointed ends.
- It is lignified and thick-walled dead cell that does not perform metabolism.
- It is developed either from procambium or from secondary parenchyma.
- It contains deposition of different types of lignin with pits.
- This is a supporting tissue that stands for various strains that result from the stretching and bending of plant organs without any damage.
- Most commonly, the sclerenchyma cells are grouped into fibers and sclereids.
Functions: The main functions of sclerenchyma tissues are
- It is responsible for providing mechanical strength to plant cells.
- It prevents the plant from adverse effects of the environment.
- It provides grittiness in the pulp of fruits.