Anemophilous flowers are those flowers whose pollens are transferred by the wind from the anthers to the stigma of the same or a different plant. Here are some of the characteristics features of anemophilous flower that have been identified by botanists:
- They are often small and inconspicuous and are usually developed well before the foliage so that this does not interfere with the free circulation of air around the flowers.
- They do not develop nectarines nor are they scented.
- The male parts tend to produce very large quantities of pollen by comparison with entomophilous flowers. This compensates for the indirect and somewhat risky means of transport. The greater the quantity of pollen, the greater is the chances of pollination. The aggregation of many male flowers into flexible catkins is common among trees, and clouds of pollen can be seen as it is shed from the hazel, oak, and other trees.
- The stigmas are often large, feathery, and very sticky, and extend well outside the flower. Thus the pollen is more likely to reach them.
- TO remain airborne as long as possible, the pollen grains are usually very tiny, smooth-walled, dry, and light, sometime they have air-bladders.
- Plants with anemophilous flowers are either trees or herbaceous plants with flowers high above the foliage. Thus there is less interference with pollen dispersal or pollen capture by the stigma.