The initials JCB on earth-moving equipment are those of the founder of the company that makes it. What is his name?
John Christopher Ballantyne
Joseph Cyril Bamford
John Christopher Baxter
Jack Croxford Baker
JCB was founded by Joseph Cyril Bamford in October 1945 in Uttoxeter, England. He rented a lock-up garage 3.7 by 4.6 m (12 by 15 ft). In it, using a welding set which he bought second-hand for £2-10s (= £2.50) from English Electric, he made his first vehicle, a tipping trailer from war-surplus materials. The trailer's sides and floor were made from steel sheet that had been part of air raid shelters. On the same day as his son Anthony was born, he sold the trailer at a nearby market for £45 (plus a part-exchanged farm cart) and at once made another trailer. At one time he made vehicles in Eckersley's coal yard in Uttoxeter. The first trailer and the welding set have been preserved.